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Kanji   

tsuma


wife, spouse




CONTENTS

Components - Individual components of the kanji.
Bushu - Kanji that share the same bushu number.
Jouyou - Same Jouyou grade.
Skip - Same skip codes.
Example - Example sentences.
Usage - Words that use this kanji.
Drawing - How to draw this kanji.
References - References numbers found in an assortment of reference books.


TRANSLATIONS

English wife
spouse
Romaji tsuma
Korean cheo
Mandarin qi1 qi4
Reading サイ
つま
sai
tsuma
Nanori (name) ずま
zuma
me
Radical name - -
      

DETAILS

Kanji
Radical no
Radical Number -
Bushu Number 38
Classical Radical # -
Frequency of use 691
Jouyou grade level 5
Stroke count 8
Hex ID 3A4A
Unicode ID 59bb
Four corner code 5040.4
Skip code 2-5-3
Nelson index -
JIS 0208 code -
JIS 0212 code -


COMPONENTS

StrokesRadicalRad. #RomajiEnglish
1 1 ichi one
1 0
3 38 onna woman, female
3 0 yo



SAME BUSHU NUMBER 38

#KanjiRomajiEnglish
1 a beautiful
2 ai good-looking, quiet
3 ane elder sister, maidservant
4 in matrimony, marry
5 uba old woman
click here to see all 92 results.



SAME JOUYOU GRADE 5

#KanjiRomajiEnglish
1 atsu pressure, push, overwhelm, oppress, dominate
2 eki easy, ready to, simple, fortune-telling, divination
3 i shift, move, change, drift, catch (cold, fire), pass into
4 in cause, factor, be associated with, depend on, be limited to
5 ei occupation, camp, perform, build, conduct (business)
click here to see all 185 results.



SAME SKIP CODE 2-5-3

#KanjiRomajiEnglish
1 i committee, entrust to, leave to, devote, discard
2 gaku study, learning, science
3 gaku point, peak, mountain
4 ki seasons
5 gu tool, utensil, means, possess, ingredients, counter for armor, suits, sets of furniture
click here to see all 16 results.



EXAMPLE SENTENCES

Note: Entries from the Tanaka Corpus (Examples) should be taken as extremely loose examples only, not definitive, please read http://www.csse.monash.edu.au/~jwb/tanakacorpus.html for more information.

# Kanji English
1 彼はの死に落胆している。
kareha tsuma no shini rakutan shiteiru .
He is discouraged over his wife's death.

2 彼のは、彼が怒った時、彼の扱いを知っている。
kano tsuma ha , kare ga ikatta toki , kano atsukai wo shitte iru .
His wife knows how to manage him when he gets angry.

3 美人のが彼の自慢だ。
bijin no tsuma ga kano jiman da .
His beautiful wife is his pride.

4 彼はと仲良く暮らしている。
kareha tsuma to nakayoku kurashi teiru .
He lives at peace with his wife.

5 彼はにめったに贈り物をしない。
kareha tsuma nimettani okurimono woshinai .
He seldom gives his wife presents.

click here to see all 100 results.



WORD USAGE

# Dict Kanji Hira/Kata English
1 Japanese
aisai
あいさい
aisai
(n) beloved wife

2 Japanese
aisaika
あいさいか
aisaika
(n) devoted husband

3 Japanese 弁当
aisai bentou
あいさいべんとう
aisaibentou
(n) lunchbox made with loving care by one's wife

4 Japanese
akusai
あくさい
akusai
(n) bad wife

5 Japanese は百年の不作
akusai ha hyakunen no fusaku
あくさいはひゃくねんのふさく
akusaihahyakunennofusaku
(exp) a bad wife spells the ruin of her husband a bad wife means a hundred years of bad luck to her husband

6 DDB
tsuma
さい
sai
wife

7 DDB
tsuma onna
さいにょ
sainyo
patnī

8 DDB
tsuma fu
さいぶ
saibu
a wife, a bride

9 DDB
saishi
さいし
saishi
wife and children

10 DDB 父母
fubo saishi
ふもさいし
fumosaishi
father, mother, wife, and children

11 Expressions 一夫一 
kazuo ichi tsuma
いっぷ いっさい
ippu issai
(n) monogamy

12 Expressions 一夫多 
kazuo ta tsuma
いっぷ たさい
ippu tasai
(n) polygyny

13 Expressions 子眷属 
saishi kenzoku
さいし けんぞく
saishi kenzoku
(n) one's wife, children, and other relations; one's whole family

14 Expressions 肉食帯 
nikushoku saitai
にくじき さいたい
nikujiki saitai
(n,vs) meat-eating and marriage ; Buddhist priest eating meat dishes and being married

15 Expressions 賢母 
ryousaikenbo
りょうさい けんぼ
ryousai kenbo
(n) (being) a good wife and wise mother

16 Kanji
tsuma

wife, spouse

17 Legal 内縁の
naien no tsuma
ないえんのつま
naiennotsuma
wife by unregistered marriage

18 Names トステム下工場
tosutemu shimoduma koujou
とすてむしもつまこうじょう
tosutemushimotsumakoujou
Tosutemushimotsumakoujou (p)

19 Names 阿我
a wagatsuma
あがつま
agatsuma
Agatsuma (s)

20 Names
a tsuma
あずま
azuma
Azuma (s)

21 Names
a tsuma
あづま
aduma
Adzuma (p,s)

22 Names
a tsuma kawa
あづまがわ
adumagawa
Adumagawa (p)

23 Places
a tsuma
あづま
aduma
Adzuma (loc)

24 Places
hou tsuma machi
あいづまちょう
aidumachou
Aidzumachou (loc)

25 Places 下吉
shimoyoshi tsuma
しもきつま
shimokitsuma
Shimokitsuma (loc)

26 Places
shimoduma
しもつま
shimotsuma
Shimotsuma (loc)

27 Places
shimoduma
しもづま
shimoduma
Shimodzuma (loc)

28 River
kiriduma
きりづま
kiriduma
gable




DRAWING

Note There is a problem with the stroke order in some of these kanji, I'm aware of it but have no time to fix it, like all online information it should be taken with a (large) grain of salt. To be clear: the problem is in the image drawing program not the Taka database.

Kanji drawing map

  • The green dot is the starting point!
  • Name above the completed radical is the reading
  • Name below the completed radical is the radical name
  • If you find an error, please email kanji at mahou.org

The stroke order information has been borrowed from the Taka Kanji Database




REFERENCES

2558 New Japanese-English Character Dictionary
1206 Modern Reader's Japanese-English Character Dictionary
1200 The New Nelson Japanese-English Character Dictionary
- Japanese For Busy People vols I-III
- The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power
427 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
708 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese" 3rd ed.
596 Kanji in Context
1628 Kanji Learners Dictionary
861 Essential Kanji
1469 2001 Kanji" (Bojinsha)
790 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese
683 Tuttle Kanji Cards
3e5.10 The Kanji Dictionary
671 Kanji & Kana book" 2nd ed.
6140, 3.0657 Morohashi Daikanwajiten (index number, volume.page)
681 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters
767 Gakken Kanji Dictionary
1889 Remembering The Kanji
959 Japanese Names



© Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (DDB)
© Public Domain with contributions and updating by the EDICT Project. (Examples)
© Kanji Haitani (Expressions)
© The Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, Monash University (Japanese)
© The Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, Monash University (Kanji)
© The School of Law, University of Washington (Legal)
© Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, Monash University (Names)
© Public Domain (Places)
© Infrastructure Development Institute with updates by the EDICT Project. (River)
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